The U.S. SUBMARINE WAR
  in the PACIFIC  1941 - 1945


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SALMON and SARGO CLASS SUBMARINES
WWII U.S. Submarine Warfare - Pacific Theater 1941 to 1945
World War II specifications, design details and boat lists for the
U.S. Navy Salmon and Sargo Class submarines


 

 

Salmon Sargo Class submarines

 

Constructed as an improvement over the P's, the USS Salmon, commissioned in 1938, was the first of six boats in this class. The following year, ten boats in the Sargo class,  virtually identical to the Salmon's, were launched. Larger in total length and displacement, the Salmon class subs were also one knot faster then the P's. Silent Hunter depicts the Salmons as having four forward and four aft torpedo tubes, carrying 20 torpedoes.  Information that I have found lists the Salmon class subs as having six forward and two aft tubes, and internal stowage at 24. The USS Stingray (SS-186) was fitted with two additional tubes on the external part of the pressure hull giving it ten. 

A serious design flaw with the main induction hatch accounted for the death of 23 crewmen aboard the USS Squalus. The main induction hatch's function was to seal the large air intake valve to the diesel engines when the boat submerged. Due to its poor design, this hatch would occasionally fail to properly close. The sinking of the  Squalus was nearly repeated with the USS Sturgeon and the USS Snapper but fortunately without any fatalities. Once the cause of the tragedy was discovered, it was easily resolved, but not before casting permanent damage to the reputation of these subs. Most of the boats in these classes conducted at least eight war patrols. The USS Stingray has the distinction of holding the record for running the most patrols of any US sub during the war (16).

 

SALMON CLASS

Displacement: (in tons) 1450 surfaced, 2198 submerged
Length 308'
Beam 26'
Draft 14.3"
Max dive depth 256'
Speed: (in knots) 21 surfaced, 9 submerged
Guns 1 - 4" 50,  2 - 20 mm
Tubes 4 - 21" fwd and 4 aft 
Crew 62
Power 2 Diesel engines/2 electric motors
Max power (in hp) 5500 surfaced; 3300 submerged
Range  10,000 miles at 10 kts surf

 

BOAT KEEL LAID LAUNCHED COMM BUILDER
SS-182 USS Salmon 4/15/36 6/12/37 3/15/38 EBC
SS-183 USS Seal 5/28/36 8/5/37 4/30/30 EBC
SS-184 USS Skipjack 7/22/36 10/30/37 6/30/38 EBC
SS-185 USS Snapper 7/23/36 8/24/37 12/15/37 PNY
SS-186 USS Stingray 10/1/36 10/6/37 3/15/38 PNY
SS-187 USS Sturgeon 10/27/36 3/15/38 6/25/38 MINY

 


 

SARGO CLASS

Displacement: (in tons) 1900 surfaced, 2350 submerged
Length 310.5'
Beam 27'
Draft 14.3"
Max dive depth 250'
Speed: (in knots) 20 surfaced, 9 submerged
Guns 1 - 4" 50,  2 - 20 mm
Tubes 4 - 21" fwd and 4 aft 
Crew 62
Power 2 Diesel engines/2 electric motors

 

BOAT KEEL LAID LAUNCHED COMM BUILDER
SS-188 USS Sargo 5/12/37 6/6/38 2/7/39 EBC
SS-189 USS Saury 6/28/37 8/20/38 4/4/39 EBC
SS-190 USS Spearfish 9/9/37 10/29/38 7/19/39 EBC
SS-191 USS Sculpin 9/7/37 7/27/38 1/16/39 PNY
SS-192 USS Squalas 10/18/37 9/14/38 3/1/39 PNY
SS-193 USS Swordfish 10/27/37 4/3/39 7/22/39 MINY
SS-194 USS Seadragon  4/18/38 4/11/39 10/23/39 EBC
SS-195 USS Sealion 6/20/38 5/25/39 11/27/39 EBC
SS-196 USS Searaven  8/9/38 6/21/39 10/2/39 PNY
SS-197 USS Seawolf 9/27/38 8/15/39 12/1/39 PNY
  •   The USS Squalus was salvaged and recommissioned the USS Sailfish.

  • SS 194 - 195 identified as "Seadragon" Class.

  • SS 196 - 197 identified as "Searaven" Class.

 

EBC - Electric Boat Company - Groton,  CT

PNY - Portsmouth Navy Yard - Kittery, ME
MINY - Mare Island Naval Shipyard - Mare Island, CA

 

ss193.jpg (10209 bytes)

Resource - Jane's Fighting Ships of WW II
1989 edition

 

 
 
  RESOURCE NOTES:
Product photo
United States Submarine Operations in World War II
By Theodore Roscoe
United States Naval Institute
George Banta Company Inc Copyright 1949
Product photo Silent Victory: The U.S. Submarine War Against Japan
By Clay Blair
J.B. Lippincott Company
Copyright 1975
Product photo Subs Against the Rising Sun:
U.S. Submarines in the Pacific

By Keith H. Milton
Yucca Free Press
Copyright 2000
Book Cover U. S. Submarines in World War II:
An Illustrated History of the Pacific

By Larry Kimmett & Margaret Regis
Navigator Publishing
Copyright 191996
 
   

 


 
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